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|Cosmo Aesthetic Treatments|
Skin is the most exposed part of the body. The function of the skin is to protect the internal structure. It is the skin that bears the brunt of the external environmental debris in the form of allergens, cosmetic products, and direct sunlight. Any health issue anywhere in the body has a direct effect on the skin. Additionally, ageing also affects the skin to a significant degree.
With age, the skin starts to lose its elasticity, softness, and tightness. People start developing skin blemishes and wrinkles. There are a variety of creams, gels, and lotions that claim to decrease many of these ageing problems but their efficacy has always been questionable.
This is where Laser Treatments come into picture. This form of treatment includes focusing a high intensity beam of light on the affected area of the skin. This beam of light vaporizes and ablates the skin tissues and gets rid of unwanted wrinkles, skin blemishes, and unwanted scars. There are also other disorders that Laser Treatment can address effectively. These have been detailed out below in the article.
What Are The Skin Conditions That Laser Can Treat?
Some of the conditions that Laser Treatments are effective for include
- Removal of unwanted hair
- Tattoo removal
- Scar removal
- Wrinkles and skin blemishes
- Spider Veins
- Skin laxity
- Frown lines
What are the Different Types of Laser Treatments?
There are basically two types of Lasers that are used for cosmetic treatments, namely ablative and non-ablative lasers.
Ablative Lasers: This form of laser in quite effective in treating skin problems like wrinkles. It involves directing a high intensity beam of light into the affected area of the skin which stimulates the inner areas of the skin promoting collagen formation.
An increase in collagen automatically improves the skin tone and texture and gets rid of wrinkles. Post treatment, a dressing is applied to the affected area. After complete healing, new skin growth occurs. Ablative Lasers are again divided into two types.
- Carbon Dioxide Laser: This is used to treat conditions like skin cancer, acne scars, deep wrinkles, birthmarks, moles, and skin tags. While this form of laser treatment is quite effective, it can cause skin pigmentation, itching, pain and a burning sensation around the treated area.
- Erbium Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet Laser: This form of laser has greater efficacy than the Carbon dioxide lasers and is used to treat skin conditions like sun damage, acne scars, fine lines, and moles. However, it has certain side effects to include redness, bruising, and swelling around the affected area.
Non-Ablative Lasers: The difference between this form of laser and ablative form is that while the latter acts on the skin surface, non-ablative form of laser acts under the skin surface and promotes collagen production. It also makes the underlying skin tight thus improving the skin tone. They are basically of the following types:
- Pulsed Dye Laser: This form of laser targets the blood vessels and shrinks them and the redness of the skin lessens to a significant degree. It usually takes 3-5 sessions of laser treatment for the results to be observed. This treatment can be done almost anywhere in the body. The recovery process is usually about a couple of hours and he results are seen instantly. Pulsed Dye Laser is used to treat conditions like spider veins, rosacea, stretch marks, and fine lines. There is nothing major in terms of side effects apart from minor bruising around the treated area.
- YAG Laser: This form of laser emits high intensity light that burns the affected area and kills the diseased cells. This form of laser treatment is effective in treating vascular lesions, skin pigmentation problems, spider veins, and for removal of permanent tattoos. It is also quite effective in treating unwanted hairs. This form of laser treatment is not that effective when compared to other forms of non-ablative laser treatments. Side effects include redness, itching, and swelling after treatment.
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